Saturday

Solomon Islands


Proposed things to do

- decide with partners when to come to Solomon Islands
- organize a public lecture
- launch the preparation of a national/regional coconut varietal contest
- visit coconut plantation, preferrably with organic management, and interact with farmers and other coconut stakeholders.
- visit the ancient place of the Yandina research centre
- visit the Rennell Island, which is a very important place for the whole Pacific Region

The Rennell Island

Rennell is a high volcanic island located in of the Solomon archipelago, with an area of 660 sq. km. Its two main features are its volcanic lake, now registered as a world heritage, and its Polynesian population, when other Solomon Islands are mainly populated with Melanesians. Except the small island of Bellona, also populated with Polynesians, the distance from Rennell to the nearest island is 170 km.


The fruits of the variety known as Rennell Island Tall (RIT) are among the biggest coconuts in the world. The fruit shape is quite variable, from oblong to pear shaped. Some of the fruits have a long nipple at the bottom, which is very specific to the RIT. The fruits have a good composition with a high content of solid albumen and free water (see picture 3). Numerous seednuts were collected from different locations in the Rennell Island and sent to other countries. The Rennell Island Tall cultivar (RIT) is now conserved in at least 11 germplasm conservation centres, national and international. RIT is involved as parental material in many coconut breeding programmes.
M.A. Foale, who visited the Rennell Island in 1964 and discovered this variety, said that the true-to-type Rennell, with big and pointed fruits, is found only around the volcanic lake on the eastern part of the island. The access from the coast to the volcanic lake is very difficult. It is needed to climb a rocky track with a hard slope, in a forest stuffed with endemic species of poisoning snakes (Laticauda sp.). But in other places, such as the coastal area, there is a mix between the Rennell Island Tall and the ordinary type, known as the Solomon Island Tall, which has smaller oblong fruits.

To go to Rennell Island

4 vols par semaine, durée : 1 h 0 min
De Honiara, Îles Salomon (HIR) à Île Rennell, Îles Salomon (RNL)
07:00
08:00
SolomonSolomon 322
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HIR-RNL
07:00
08:00
SolomonSolomon 324
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HIR-RNL
09:30
10:30
SolomonSolomon 322
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HIR-RNL
Solomon